MAN and NEOPLAN buses at the IAA 2018 (Press Kit Bus)
Today's buses for the transport challenges of tomorrow. MAN Truck & Bus is exhibiting a wide range of bus products at this year’s IAA. The new MAN Lion’s City eBus and CNG as well as a MAN TGE-based minibus are being presented to the public for the first time.
- The new generation of city buses is rounded off with the eBus and the new E18 gas engine
- MAN Lion’s Coach with electrohydraulically steered trailing axle and new MAN TipMatic Coach transmission
- For the first time a MAN TGE-based minibus
- NEOPLAN Skyliner optionally available with stairs to the right
- Information on MAN Transport Solutions’ comprehensive consulting services and on MAN services
Following the première of the new generation of city buses in Spring 2018, the IAA is providing a stage for commercial vehicles to present the new MAN Lion’s City to a wider audience for the first time. The hybrid module, MAN Efficient Hybrid, is thus celebrating its first appearance at the trade show. On the one hand, it saves fuel thanks to its use of recovered braking energy. On the other, the stop-start function supports super-silent and emission-free stop phases. In addition to the exciting, eye-catching new smart edge design, the two-axle vehicle being exhibited at the IAA stands out thanks to an innovation on the doors: Illuminated door closing edges indicate the opening and closing action of the doors in different colours.
Alongside the diesel version, the city bus family will also be upgraded with alternative drive systems in time for IAA 2018. In addition, as a world première on its stand MAN Truck & Bus is for the first time exhibiting a city bus incorporating the newly developed gas engine as well as a prototype of the fully electric Lion City E. The latter visually contrasts with its conventional brother on the trade show stand thanks to its slightly modified design underlining the unique nature of the electric drive system. In particular, the withdrawal of the engine housing and so the additional seats at the rear clearly set the eBus apart as such. The fully electric drivetrain delivers 160 up to a maximum of 270 kW. The inside of the solo bus, designed with 29 seats, can be accessed through three electrically operated doors.
As the market leader in the market sector for gas-driven city buses, during the same year as its presentation of the new MAN Lion’s City, MAN is also presenting the completely newly developed gas engine, the MAN E18, also as an option with MAN Efficient Hybrid. So MAN demonstrates the high priority it attaches to alternative drive systems within its product portfolio. The articulated bus on show demonstrates the passenger flow-optimising effect of innovative, situation-based illuminated partitions and translucent concertina walls. Optimised for standing room capacity, the four-door vehicle boasts 39 seats. The newly developed MAN E1856 LOH delivers 320 HP (235 kW) and uses a 4-speed automatic gearbox.
The MAN product portfolio is rounded off at its show stand with a MAN Lion’s Coach L, in a long-haul version complete with lift and two wheelchair places. Unlike the Lion’s Coach presented last year for the first time, the position of the C-pillar has now been optimised for a better view including in the first row of seats. Otherwise the bus now has an electrohydraulically steered trailing axle increasing manoeuvrability and the new 12-gear transmission, the MAN TipMatic Coach. The enhanced-performance MAN D2676 LOH delivers 470 HP (346 kW) and 2,400 Nm maximum torque. The new engine version is available from July 2019.
NEOPLAN: Comfortable and innovative for every application
The NEOPLAN Skyliner on show is optimised to be able to meet the requirements of long-haul transportation. Thanks to its low-floor design on the lower deck, it also offers comfortable access for people with limited mobility. Thanks to the incorporation of fold-up seats on a sliding system, up to two wheelchair places are available on it. To accommodate optimised passenger flow and a higher seating capacity, as an option MAN has moved the front stairs to the right-hand side of the vehicle at the exhibit. Thus 78 passengers can find a comfortable seat on the double decker. The drive system comprises a redesigned D26 engine now delivering 510 HP (375 kW) and a maximum torque of 2,600 Nm and features the new generation of MAN TipMatic Coach automated gear shift transmission.
As an effective measure to prevent blind spot-related accidents, the NEOPLAN Skyliner and Cityliner on show have a new replacement mirror system. Cameras on both sides of the vehicle deliver real-time images on two displays built into the driver's field of view thereby eliminating any blind spot. At a glance the driver can thus assess the complete situation, which would otherwise require rear, wide-angle and ramp mirrors. The camera technology used supports high-resolution display of the surrounding area irrespective of daylight so that the driver has improved view at night and in changing light conditions. In addition, in contrast to the mirror limiting factors due, for example, to misting up, dirt accumulation or sun glare are also minimised. This also enhances safety at the same time as reducing the probability of having a collision and thus the repair costs.
The NEOPLAN Cityliner has also incorporated a bird view system, which supports observation of the surroundings with six cameras. The image is output to a separate monitor on the driver’s console. The Cityliner L not only promises an ultra-safe travel experience but also one that is ultra-exclusive thanks to its modified interior. With the focus on the feel and experience, it meets the most demanding comfort and catering requirements for up to 35 passengers. In addition to the exclusive VIP lounge, for this purpose it has a kitchen with a convection oven, induction charging for mobile telephones and ambient lighting. The MAN Bus Modification Center thus once again impressively demonstrates its supreme ability in fitting out vehicles.
The Tourliner C on show marks the entry point into the NEOPLAN World. And what an entry! As the third vehicle in the movingART art project, the two-axle vehicle blazons a prominent Berlin adhesive tape livery. In the interior complementary warm, earthy colours and materials are found, which accentuate the premium, modern design. Incorporating 4-star seating, 48 passengers can be seated on the coach, which has a state-of-the-art drivetrain with recently performance-enhanced 470 HP (346 kW) and 2,400 Nm maximum torque as well as the new MAN TipMatic Coach.
MAN TGE Minibus
With the introduction of the MAN TGE, MAN Truck & Bus positioned itself at the last IAA for commercial vehicles as a full-range provider in freight transport. This heralds the culmination in its bus product range including TGE-based minibuses. An intercity variant with 15 passenger seats is being exhibited at the show stand in the form of the MAN TGE Intercity. Access is gained via an electric sliding door with an electric retractable step board, and a standard roof-mounted air-conditioning system constantly provides pleasant temperatures. In addition, USB charging sockets on the side walls and additional speakers further enhance passenger convenience. The minibus, which might for example be used for shuttle, excursion and hotel feeder traffic, measures 7,391 mm and has numerous assistance systems such as the Emergency Brake Assist (EBA), the Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC), a lateral wind assistant and active lane guard system. Under the bonnet a 2-litre engine delivers 177 HP (130 kW), with manual transmission.
Highly recommended: MAN Services and MAN Transport Solutions
In addition to its products, the MAN show stand will also be available to discuss the extensive services offered by the commercial vehicle manufacturer such as maintenance management, repair service, OEM parts and accessories as well as financial services. For example, the MAN in-house training provider, MAN ProfiDrive, promises improved safety and efficiency through its hands-on driver training courses. Particularly in the area of passenger transport, there is a focus on the technical safety aspects and how they can be improved. In order to optimise road transport economy the goal is to achieve fuel savings of up to 10% through a smart combination of driver ability, forward-looking time management and economical route planning.
MAN is dedicating an in-house specialism to the challenges of switching to alternative drive systems. Here the experts in the consulting team of MAN Transport Solutions will answer all questions about the pathway from “low emissions” to “no emissions”. The focus of the consulting services is on electrification of bus, truck and van fleets. Drawing upon a wealth of experience, not only can the qualified consultants provide advice regarding the vehicle itself, they are also able to cover issues relating to infrastructure and energy demand, as well as maintenance concepts and fleet design.
MAN Lion’s City E: Easing the Way to Zero Emissions
MAN Truck & Bus is showcasing its fully electric Lion’s City at this year’s International Motor Show (IAA) for Commercial Vehicles in Hanover, Germany.
- MAN opts for central motor and depot charging for its electric bus
- Reliable range of 200 km (and up to 270 km under favourable conditions) over entire battery life
- Mass production to start in the second half of 2020
- MAN's comprehensive consulting services make it as easy as possible for transport companies to get started with electric vehicles
In light of demands for progressively lower emissions in urban centres, one thing is certain: the future of local public transport will overwhelmingly be fully electric. MAN Truck & Bus is operating on the assumption that around 66% of scheduled-service buses will be electric by 2030. In this spirit, MAN is showcasing the fully electric version of the new MAN Lion’s City urban transit bus at the 2018 IAA for Commercial Vehicles. This tops off MAN’s new generation of city buses, following on from diesel and gas engines with a zero-emissions variant.
A slightly modified design highlights the unique nature of the electric drive. Its most striking feature is the lack of a rear engine compartment, with the batteries installed on the roof, making room for an ideal seating area at the back. Firstly, this positioning moves the batteries away from the vehicle’s rear, which is vulnerable in the event of a crash. Secondly, it allows for more design flexibility, more pleasant lighting and up to four additional seats in the interior.
MAN has opted for one central motor to power its electric bus (on the rear axle), then two to power its articulated bus (on the second and third axles). These are easier to access and more simply designed than motors in close proximity to the wheels, which provides advantages in terms of maintenance and the total cost of ownership (TCO). In particular, the articulated bus benefits in terms of its handling. The two driven axles increase its driving stability and, in turn, its safety, as well as providing maximum energy recovery when braking.
The fully electric driveline produces 160 to 270 kW in the Solobus. The power used for this comes from the modular batteries with 480 kWh capacity (Solo) or 640 kWh (articulated). In selecting these, MAN decided to take advantage of precision-engineered battery cell technology from the company’s existing range. These batteries’ sophisticated temperature management guarantees especially strong availability, regardless of the time of year. This way, the Lion’s City E can reliably ensure their range of 200 km (or up to 270 km under favourable conditions) over their batteries’ full life cycles.
The batteries are plugged into a CCS and charged at the depot, which can fully charge Solobuses in under three hours and articulated buses in under four with an average charging power of 100 kW. This length of time falls accordingly when the maximum charging power of 150 kW is supplied. MAN surveyed close to 200 customers throughout Europe and received feedback from several cities. It concluded that, for the sake of routine operations later in the day, flexible and uninterrupted service (without opportunity charging) is more important than an unlimited range. Especially since battery technology is developing at a rapid pace. The Lion’s City E will remain at the cutting edge in this regard, as it will be possible to upgrade the vehicle concept to the next battery generation. Charging outside of peak hours will also enable operators to tap into smart charge management and benefit from lower electricity rates, further adding to the cost effectiveness of running electric bus services.
Since the electric model is a fully-fledged member of the new MAN Lion’s City family, it will be easy to adopt into professional processes. And, as ever, transport companies will be able to benefit from the MAN service network.
MAN eMobility Roadmap
As part of MAN’s plan for electric vehicles (known as the eMobility Roadmap), a demo fleet will be tested to establish its suitability for everyday use in a series of field trials in mid-2020, partnering with various European operators. To this end, MAN has entered into several innovation partnerships with mass transit operators from Hamburg (Hamburger Hochbahn and Verkehrsbetriebe Hamburg-Holstein), Munich (Stadtwerke München and Münchner Verkehrs Gesellschaft) and Wolfsburg (Stadtwerke Wolfsburg and Wolfsburger Verkehrs-GmbH). Another partnership MAN has agreed is with two companies from Luxembourg: Voyages Emile Weber and Losch Luxembourg, a Volkswagen Group importer and the largest dealership group in the country. The MAN Lion’s City E vehicles will then go into mass production in 2020.
MAN Truck & Bus recognises that transport companies and fleet operators face a number of challenges beyond straightforward vehicle considerations when transitioning from “low emissions” to “no emissions”. As a result, it has established a specialised consultation team called MAN Transport Solutions for custom transport solutions that deliver maximum cost effectiveness. Drawing on a wealth of experience, the highly-skilled consultants are not limited to providing advice regarding the vehicle itself. They can also cover issues relating to infrastructure and energy demand, as well as maintenance concepts and fleet design, providing the best possible support to the operators.
New E18 Gas Engine: Smaller Size, Higher Performance
Following on from its diesel version, MAN Truck & Bus is also due to present a new gas-powered city bus. The newly developed E18 engine will be used in the new Lion’s City G.
- New generation of city buses to be accompanied by new E18 gas engine
- Higher torque with smaller displacement
- Highly efficient thanks to combination of gas engine and MAN EfficientHybrid
Efficient drive systems with alternative fuels are hugely important in the pursuit of lower emissions in urban centres. Among fossil fuels, the combustion of natural gas produces the least CO2. If owners opt for processed biogas, it is even theoretically possible for their vehicle use to be carbon-neutral without any additional requirements. In light of this, MAN will be adding a gas variant to its new city bus family. The MAN Lion’s City G will be equipped with the E18 engine series, a brand-new development which produces higher torque despite its smaller displacement compared with the predecessor model. This way, cities can obtain a vehicle that provides maximum cost effectiveness and minimum environmental impact while fitting seamlessly into current professional processes – and this is especially true when combined with the MAN EfficientHybrid module.
Passengers and local residents alike stand to benefit from more than simply the ultra-quiet slowdowns at stops or traffic lights (at which MAN EfficientHybrid’s stop-start function allows the engine to switch off completely). They will also enjoy the lower levels of engine noise thanks to quieter combustion compared with diesel. Those boarding can choose between up to 29 seats or standing room for 70 passengers.
The E1856 (as it is specifically named) is a newly developed, 9.5 L, four-valve inline six engine maintained at lambda = 1. It has a bore of 118 mm and a stroke of 145 mm, which is specifically intended for use in buses around the world. For this purpose, it is available in the 276 hp (206 kW) and 316 hp (235 kW) performance classes. Its maximum torque is 1,200 Nm, or 1,400 Nm at between 900 and 1,500 rpm in the larger version. The E18 engine reaches the Euro 6d exhaust emission stage thanks a newly developed, cooled exhaust gas recirculation system, along with a three-way catalytic converter. The high compression ratio combined with the exhaust gas recirculation makes for highly economical fuel consumption values with low exhaust gas emissions. The engine’s lower weight compared with its predecessor, the E28, is directly to the benefit of the vehicle’s passenger capacity. In this respect, it has drawn on a large number of innovative features (such as the controlled coolant pump and two-stage air compressor) from another brand-new development: the 9-litre D15 diesel engine.
The fuel is stored in four or five pressure vessels on the vehicle roof at a rail pressure of 200 bar. The use of fewer but larger vessels for this saves on weight and simplifies maintenance. Customers can choose between a selection of different storage capacities between 1,260 L and 1,875 L. The CNG storage system is sheltered by a hood, which is built into the design, with large maintenance flaps at the front and rear. All known gas quality levels from the natural gas grid can be used to refuel (including, for instance, refined biogas).
Small Wonder: the MAN TGE Intercity
MAN is topping off its range of buses with a minibus based on the MAN TGE. The new arrival will be available in city, intercity and coach versions.
- Minibus based on TGE 5.180 presented
- Numerous assistance systems available for maximum safety
- Assembled at MAN Bus Modification Center in Plauen, Germany, and at selected body manufacturers
- Tried and tested service packages and financing options
Whether the situation involves small groups, flexible shuttle services or off-peak periods on local public transport, a 12-metre bus is not always the right choice. That is why MAN Truck & Bus is expanding its range of minibuses with up to 19 seats based on the MAN TGE. MAN is exhibiting the MAN TGE Intercity at the International Motor Show (IAA) for Commercial Vehicles 2018 in Hanover, Germany. This model has 15 passenger seats, which could be used for shuttles, excursions or hotel transfers. Scheduled-service and coach versions are set to follow at the end of the year.
The MAN minibuses are based on the TGE 5.180 with 177 hp (130 kW) and a maximum torque of 410 Nm. With its overall length spanning 7,391 mm, this up to five metric tonne minibus’ wheelbase measures 4,490 mm, and its rear axle is mounted with twin tyres. It has six gears, which are manually shifted. However, an automatic gearbox for the TGE will be also showcased for the first time at the IAA 2018.
Drivers and tour guides make their way to their seats through two front doors, while passengers enter the vehicle through an electric sliding door with an automatic extending step. Bags can be stowed away in the luggage compartment via two outward-opening boot doors. There is also the option of adding a wheelchair ramp here. Since the seats are attached to airline rails with snap fasteners, various seating distances and configurations can be arranged with only a small amount of set-up work. All the passenger seats are equipped with three-point seat belts and adjustable backrests. As with the floor coverings, customers will be able to choose between materials from the well-established MAN bus range. In addition, custom styles will be available for individual operators, as is the case for all MAN and NEOPLAN coaches.
A roof-mounted air-conditioning system comes as standard to maintain a pleasant interior temperature, ensuring that these smaller coach models are in no way inferior to their larger counterparts when it comes to driving comfort. USB charging sockets on the side walls and additional speakers also help to provide a comfortable passenger experience. The TGE is equipped with a number of assistance systems for safety on the road, such as the advanced emergency braking system (EBA), crosswind assistant and active Lane Guard System (which are all installed as standard). Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC), fatigue detection and road sign detection systems can also be added as optional extras. A rear-view camera and LED main headlights (which include LED daytime driving lights) promise high visibility. The other optional systems – for instance, trailer assist (along with park steering assist), front and rear park distance control, and side wall protection assist – work to avoid collision damage and resulting repair costs.
Built and Serviced by Pros
Like the TGE-based VIP shuttles, which seat up to nine people, these minibuses are also assembled at the MAN Bus Modification Center in Plauen. The BMC has modified over 100 TGEs in the first year since their launch. Their range of services includes custom additions, alterations and removals for customers working in passenger transport, skilled trades or the construction industry, as well as for leisure and office vehicles. MAN is also expanding its portfolio to include other variants in partnership with selected body manufacturers.
With regard to maintenance and service, minibus customers can also benefit from the professional MAN service. Among other things, this is known for its simple assistance without the need for workshop appointments, its fast emergency support (including on weekends and at night) and its extensive opening hours. Needless to say, we focus on service for the complete vehicle as well as flexible repair and maintenance contracts. Finally, the workshop’s services also include extended warranties and a 24-hour breakdown service.
In addition, MAN offers tailored financial services to support bus companies during the purchase and service life of their vehicles.
Innovative Coach Driveline Features
MAN Truck & Bus is one of the first companies to offer the EcoLife Coach automatic gearbox for its coaches. Plus, there are innovative developments in the MAN TipMatic Coach automatic gearboxes.
- EcoLife Coach automatic gearbox available for use in coaches
- Advantageous in demanding topographic conditions, at low average speeds and during trips with frequent engine starts and gearshift
- Next generation of MAN TipMatic Coach automatic gearbox presented
- Improvements in dynamic gearshifts, degree of efficiency and moving-off behaviour
Difficult terrain and frequent stop-and-go traffic pose a challenge to bus and coach gearboxes. MAN Truck & Bus has expanded its selection of gearboxes for its MAN and NEOPLAN brands in order to offer optimum driving comfort, even in these particularly demanding applications. The MAN Lion’s Coach, NEOPLAN Cityliner and Tourliner have been available with the EcoLife Coach torque converter gearbox since last May, along with maximum torque levels of 2,100 Nm (at 420 hp) and 2,300 Nm (at 460 hp). This allows an automatic torque converter to be combined with the optimised Euro 6 driveline with the D26 engine.
Neither hairpin bends on mountain roads nor urban traffic at low speeds will compromise drivers’ or passengers’ comfort with the use of the fully automatic, six-speed gearbox, in addition to a converter lockup clutch and a downstream planetary gearset. The hydrodynamic torque converter boosts the engine torque, making driving off and accelerating a smooth and relaxed process free of clutch wear. The power flow is not interrupted during gear changes, which increases comfort and mileage while also saving fuel in areas where traction interruptions would be especially consequential. The large steering axis inclination, combined with the converter’s torque increase factor in first gear, guarantees high tractive force throughout the drive. The TopoDyn Life control software, specially developed for the EcoLife gearbox, dynamically adapts the shifting points to the route profile – this is calculated on an ongoing basis by factoring in the topography, current load and acceleration values, and variable driving resistance. Two overdrives facilitate lower engine speeds and reduced noise levels at higher speeds.
The primary retarder in the EcoLife Coach automatic gearboxes also adds to the vehicle’s comfort and safety, providing high brake output and relieving the service brake, especially at low and average speeds. The retarder can even operate reliably on longer stretches with a steep downward gradient, thanks to two independent cooling systems.
MAN TipMatic Coach – Further Improving a Proven Product
There are also some innovative developments at MAN in terms of automatic gearboxes. From the end of this year onwards, the coaches will be supplied with the new TipMatic Coach as standard, starting at 460 hp. The changes include better moving-off behaviour, thanks in part to the new tilt detector and an improved gearbox control unit with MAN’s specially formulated gear shift strategy. This strategy always selects the optimum gear and engine speed for moving off based on the actual weight of the coach and the current topography. This prevents damage to the clutch and driveline, as well as providing extra comfort and dynamism when driving off. The refined SmartShifting system ensures a quick shifting process in all gears. The software uses data from the accelerator pedal position, vehicle mass and driving resistance calculations to establish the ideal balance between shifting speed, comfort and service life for each situation. Kickdowns make it possible to shift down more quickly, while drivers can also switch gears manually at any time. In addition, predictive shifting facilitates a high average speed without increasing fuel consumption. Targeted increases in the engine speed mean that a large power reserve can be used early on (for example, when driving towards an incline while using MAN EfficientCruise). Conversely, in an anticipatory process, the engine speed is reduced with an upshift at the end of the incline.
An upshift assistance system, as it is known, also ensures improved dynamic gearshifts by employing the Exhaust Valve Brake (electronically controlled – EVBec). When a driver skips up to three gears at once, this briefly closes the exhaust throttle valve (exhaust flap) to rapidly decrease the number of revs per minute while the clutch is open. The engine brake is combined with a secondary retarder as standard for high continuous brake performance. This produces a maximum of 500 kW and 4,000 Nm of braking torque. As a result of the increased gear ratio, tangibly useful retarder braking is also possible in the lower speed range. In addition, there are sufficient reserves available to achieve even further speed reductions during continuous braking, while at the same time minimising service brake wear and tear.
The degree of efficiency will improve to up to 99.7% in the new generation in the direct 11th gear, putting it at the highest level. The new MAN TipMatic Coach is also prepared for high engine performance with a maximum input torque of 2,800 Nm.
Along with the many innovative developments, the new generation of gearboxes will also be given the tried and tested features, such as the predictive cruise control (MAN EfficientCruise) along with the EfficientRoll coasting function, plus the optimised manoeuvring feature and Idle Speed Driving. This latter feature allows comfortable driving at idling speed without having to press the accelerator in 1st to 6th gear, meaning that the coach can coast along in slow-moving traffic, relieving the driver of effort and the clutch of potential wear and tear.
Several functions are to be introduced for the first time for coaches below Euro 6 level with the new TipMatic gearbox, including the EfficientRoll freewheeling function, SpeedShifting, and the long axle ratio of i=2.73, along with the D26 engine – a proven performer.
MAN Lion’s City: Setting standards in every respect
With the new generation of the MAN Lion’s City, a completely new type of urban bus is being introduced into the inner city. A plethora of technical innovations have been combined with the new MAN bus design.
- This generation of MAN city buses has been developed completely from scratch and combines a clear focus on efficiency, comfort and ergonomics with the new MAN bus design
- The new MAN EfficientHybrid enables use of a stop-start function
- Independent wheel suspension and new shock absorber technology in series production
- Full-LED main headlights and tail lights are available for the first time
- The interior gets an upgrade with a new seat bracket, new handrails and new colour and trim
- More ergonomics and safety for the driver
As part of the BusDays in-house exhibition in March of this year, the new MAN Lion's City celebrated its world première. With a clear focus on profitability, driving comfort, technology and design, the developers have taken the task upon themselves of setting new standards for all components. Examples include the all-new driveline with the MAN EfficientHybrid, the independent wheel suspension on the front axle, the LED light functions and the new modular interior. This is because the new MAN Lion's City marks the beginning of a new era. It therefore has been designed to meet all current and foreseeable future legal standards.
From the outside, the new city bus is an unmistakable example of the new MAN bus design. It has a range of eye-catching features, including its distinctive headlights, which incorporate an LED band that acts as daytime driving lights, and the typical black MAN front panel with chrome trim, as well as its large side windows. Not only do these lend the vehicle an impression of dynamism, but as aspects of segmented panelling, they also contribute to the improvement of Life Cycle Costs (LCC). In a nod to modern smartphone design, even the rear has become a distinctive feature, as we can see on the new MAN Lion’s City and the new MAN Lion’s Coach. What’s more, it also enables perfect accessibility to the various components.
Now even more economical thanks to MAN EfficientHybrid with stop-start system and reduced weight
However, the new materials and manufacturing processes used not only make the new city bus look good, but also lighter, more robust and also increases its ease of use, e.g. on service and engine compartment flaps. For example, the 12-metre variant of the new MAN Lion's City has slimmed down by around 1,130 kg compared to its predecessor with its D20 engine. This includes, among other things, a redesigned engine compartment flap, which does not require a steel frame, as well as a thinner rear window and a weight-optimised side wall lining made of natural-fibre-reinforced polypropylene.
The new, lighter D1556 LOH engine, which already complies with the Euro 6d emission standard valid from 1 September 2019, can optionally be supplemented with the MAN EfficientHybrid system, which significantly reduces fuel consumption and emissions. In doing so, the standard stop-start function of the MAN EfficientHybrid ensures whisper-quiet stop phases at stops and traffic lights. At the heart of the system is the crankshaft starter generator, an electric machine that converts kinetic energy into electrical energy during braking. The recuperated energy is stored in an UltraCap module on the vehicle roof, which is significantly lighter and more compact compared to a battery of similar capacity. The energy stored in the UltraCap ensures that the onboard power supply is independent of the drive, which not only relieves the diesel engine, but also enables the engine to be switched off during vehicle standstill. By reversing the operation of the crankshaft starter generator, the MAN D15 engine can be restarted within a few moments and supported by the boost function during subsequent acceleration.
The 9-litre engine is available with outputs of 280, 330 and 360 HP, meaning it ideally covers the typical fields of operation for city buses.
Innovations also for independent wheel suspension, PCV silencers and doors
For the first time, the next-generation Lion's City now has independent wheel suspension. As a result, the movements of the wheel and hub carrier are only slightly transferred to the opposite side when the wheel rolls off road bumps. Overall, a softer designed silencing is possible because the lower unsprung masses act on the force.
The new PCV dampers (Premium Comfort Valve) in the shock absorbers replace the previous silencer technology as a series solution. These purely hydraulic vibration dampers enable optimum chassis tuning in terms of driving comfort and vehicle stability in typical applications such as start-up and driving over long bumps or short obstacles. Thanks to a new oil management concept, significantly more parameters are available, so that a specific tuning for each axle variant is possible, which in turn leads to significantly more comfortable handling.
MAN has also made further improvements to the doors with the new city bus generation. They continue to come from MAN's own door portfolio, but they are 10 cm wider and impress thanks to their harmonious, faster and direct door movement. Pneumatic outward- and inward-swinging doors as well as electro-hydraulically driven inward-swinging doors and swing doors are available. Proven components are used, meaning that no lubrication nor adjustment operations are required during operation. All of this makes the doors reliable. By using the modular kit a cost-effective spare parts supply and high availability is guaranteed, which in turn benefits the LCC.
All light functions available in LED
An example of the claim to set standards with the new MAN Lion's City is provided by the headlamps on the front and rear. It is not just the daytime driving lights where MAN is making use of LED technology. The main headlights are available for the first time in full-LED and together with the LED tail lights form part of the standard equipment. The LED lamps in all lighting functions not only emphasise the characteristic design of the new MAN Lion's City as a special light signature, they also contribute to safety and reduce operating costs. In addition to its high energy efficiency, the lamp boasts a long service life of up to 10,000 operating hours and high reliability, eliminating the need for expensive lamp replacement. At the same time the visibility improves: LED dipped and high-beam headlights are around 50% brighter than halogens. Also, LED light is more diffuse, and, at the same time, has a much greater range.
The interior also uses modern lighting technology. Indirect and optionally continuous LED lighting in warm white as well as optionally coloured ambient light provide a uniform, modern, dynamic lighting design. The engineers paid particular attention to the reflection-free design in order to minimise glare at the driver's workplace.
New seat bracket for flexibility and easy cleaning
This underlines the bright, friendly and visually clean impression of the new interior colour and trim concept. A great deal of thought goes into selecting light and dark colours to provide appropriate functional support to functional areas. At the same time, the new seat bracket with optimised seating distances and the attachment of the seats to side rails not only creates more space but also makes cleaning easier. A standardised seat frame is attached here via two rails on the side wall. Any seat shell can be easily and flexibly mounted using adapters. Even if you stand, you do not have to do so without comfort and safety: The new ceiling support rods with an oval handle profile provide a more ergonomic grip.
Ergonomics, comfort and safety for the driver
In the new MAN Lion's City, the driver also finds a revised and optimised space, which perfectly fits into the design concept with the elegantly curved cabin door. With a focus on ergonomics, comfort and safety, the positioning of the switches and instruments has brought about an increase in user-friendliness. The controls are now arranged in three zones according to the frequency of use, an optional additional right-hand tool rack allows for additional DIN equipment or monitoring monitors. The cup holder and USB port are located in the side panel, and additional storage options are on offer, such as a lockable driver bag compartment and a magazine net.
The driver's seat can now be adjusted horizontally for more ergonomics via an optimal seating position. The instrument panel moves synchronously with the movement of the steering wheel. The standard built-in high-resolution 4-inch colour display also ensures maximum visibility. Further safety bonuses include the driver's increased sitting position and the front-opening driver's door. A modular pane on the driver's door, which can be extended to the windshield, can additionally provide security against attacks.
The new city bus generation will be manufactured in the MAN plant in Starachowice/Poland starting in the first half of 2019.
Just in case: the MAN TopUsed extended warranty
Customers can stay on the safe side with the MAN TopUsed extended warranty. Thanks to its extensive warranty services, used bus buyers can benefit from heightened security, as well as greater flexibility and more cost transparency.
- Driveline protection
- Individual choice of mileage and warranty term
- Comprehensive service network guarantees close geographic proximity and short waiting times
- Can be combined with service contract
Prospective buyers looking for a high-quality used bus will strike gold with MAN TopUsed, MAN Truck & Bus’ international used vehicle brand. Alongside the MAN TopUsed seal of approval which is used to designate top-class and comprehensively inspected used buses, buyers can benefit from another important service in the form of the MAN TopUsed extended warranty. Customers can count on quick and reliable help should the worst case scenario come about, thanks to the extensive warranty services.
To ensure that the scope of services is a perfect fit for the requirements at hand, buyers have the choice between various warranty components with different mileages and warranty terms (with 6, 12 and 24-month options available) with the TopUsed standard extended warranty. The driveline guarantee covers engine, gearbox, rear axle and propshaft components with no excess.
Once covered, customers can enjoy advantages including especially fast service delivery. Thanks to its comprehensive service network, MAN can maintain short distances, professional repairs and, as a result, shorter waiting times.
Another benefit: The MAN TopUsed standard extended warranty, which is available for MAN Lion’s Coaches, NEOPLAN Cityliners, Tourliners and Starliners, can be combined with a custom service contract on request.
MAN TopUsed offers a wide selection of used commercial vehicles across all series in more than 30 countries via a total of 36 dedicated MAN TopUsed centres. In addition to MAN commercial vehicles, the range also includes used vehicles from a number of other manufacturers.
Gas-powered for 75 years: MAN continues the success story
75 years ago, MAN Truck & Bus brought its first gas-powered bus to market, setting a new standard in doing so. Now a new chapter of the success story begins with a brand-new development: the MAN E18 gas engine.
- First gas-powered MAN city bus hit the road in Nuremberg in 1943
- MAN has been a market and technology leader in gas-powered city buses in Europe for many years
- Right on time for its anniversary, MAN is releasing a newly-developed gas engine
The first gas-powered MAN city bus celebrated its début in 1943. This year, exactly 75 years on, commercial vehicle manufacturer MAN Truck & Bus is bringing another newly developed gas engine to market: the MAN E1856 LOH. It will be exhibited for the first time at the IAA Commercial Vehicles in Hanover, Germany, in September.
Then, as today, MAN broke new ground with its gas engine. The first gas-powered MAN bus was used for local public transport in Nuremberg. A trailer was attached to the vehicle, allowing it to increase its range considerably, as the gas cylinders were located on the bus and trailer roofs. “As a result, there was a cylinder volume of 22 m³, which made significantly longer routes and service times possible,” says Michael Kobriger, Head of Production Bus and the Bus Management Team at MAN Truck & Bus. And there were special circumstances at play: MAN built the entire vehicle, which was specifically designed to be gas-powered. The expertise needed for this came from coach assembly work: “The employees had previously become well-acquainted with double-decker construction and built up extensive knowledge, for instance, from manufacturing double-decker bodies for chassis starting in 1935,” Kobriger explains.
Also in 1935, MAN was already developing chassis for trucks that could be run on alternative fuels. Gas canisters with producer gas, cylinder gas and lignite gas oil were used. In the late 1930s, production of “wood gasifiers” increased on account of growing natural resource scarcity; MAN primarily installed these systems in trucks and tractors. The wood gas generators were the most widespread alternative drive systems.
“MAN has been a market and technology leader in natural gas-powered buses in Europe for many years. We have applied our decades of expertise to develop a new gas engine, allowing us to keep offering customers cutting-edge technology as we move into the future. This rates highly for its exceptional cost-effectiveness and extremely low exhaust gas emissions, among other things,” notes Rudi Kuchta, Head of Bus Sales at MAN Truck & Bus. In addition, it can be combined with MAN EfficientHybrid, making it even more economical to operate. As a result, along with biogas, the MAN Lion’s City G is the most cost-effective solution for virtually carbon-neutral local public transport, with the natural gas technology offering a huge advantage: outstanding carbon footprint outcomes for operators when vehicles are run on regeneratively or synthetically produced natural gas. “This is an important step forward into the future of MAN and many transport companies, especially when it comes to air quality control in urban areas,” Kuchta adds.